Who appointed the Military Revolutionary Committee?
The Military Revolutionary Committee, also known as Milrevcom, Voenrevkov and VRK (Russian: Военнно-революционнный комитет, Bоенревком, ВРК) was the name of the military organs created by the Bolshevik Party organizations under the authority of the Soviets during the preparation and development of the armed insurrection in the October Revolution of 1917. They functioned until March 1918. The committees were the leading body of power of the insurrection, installing and securing Soviet power. They executed a role of extraordinary provisional organs of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The idea of organizing a center of operations of the armed insurrection belongs to Vladimir Lenin. In his letter Marxism and the Insurrection, addressed to the Central Committee of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers’ Party (Bolshevik) in September 1917, he put on the agenda the task of preparing the armed uprising by writing:[1
The first headquarters of the armed insurrection was the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee, which was created by the Petrograd Soviet and took power on November 7, 1917. Before the triumph of the insurrection in Petrograd, there were more than forty Military Revolutionary Committees in the country, whose main activity was the military and technical preparation of the impending insurrection.
The myth of the French revolution was to understand it as the destruction of feudalism by the bourgeoisie. The myth of the Soviet revolution was to define it in terms of class struggle, as the conquest of political power by the working class of workers and peasants. The former began to be revised following Alfred Cobban’s controversial -and memorable- lecture in London when he took up his professorship in 1954; the bicentenary of the revolution, celebrated in 1989, proved that practically nothing remained of the original myth. The Soviet myth – essential to the legitimacy of the Soviet regime and to the ideology of the international communist movement – would prove to be more persistent. Not that there was a lack of alternative interpretations. There were practically from the very moment of the triumph of the Bolsheviks, but the particular ethos, at once proletarian and egalitarian, of the revolution, and the undoubted fascination it exercised on intellectuals and historians, worked against it.
The idea of organizing a center of operations of the armed insurrection belongs to Vladimir Lenin. Before the triumph of the insurrection in Petrograd, there were more than forty Revolutionary Military Committees in the country, whose main activity was the military and technical preparation of the impending insurrection.
2. List of Revolutionary Military Committees During the process of seizure of power by the Soviets in Russia there was a massive formation of RMCs. Many RMCs appeared on the initiative of delegates from the 2nd Congress of the Russian Soviets. Large squads of commissars, emissaries and revolutionary agitators were sent to various regions of the country by the Petrograd CMR under the leadership of the Central Committee of the POSDRb, which formed them from experienced organizers.
Who appointed the military revolutionary committee? en línea
3. Influence In the weeks following the October Revolution, the Military Revolutionary Committees based in the Petrograd RMC were organized through the other Soviets and cemented Bolshevik control. These other CMRs were formed by local leaders although agents of the Petrograd CMR were usually in leading positions to direct or advise. By the end of November 1917, representatives of the Petrograd CMR were stationed in at least forty-four cities as well as one hundred and thirteen military units throughout Russia, Turkestan, and the Caucasus.
October Revolution of 1917 causes
Written version of Carlos Barros’ lecture at the International Colloquium “The Russian Socialist Revolution of 1917: reflections and perspectives”. Auditorium of the Instituto de Investigaciones José María Luis Mora, Mexico City, November 6, 2017 (https://voutu.be/idzOMQgDcvU).
The seizure of power by the pro-Bolshevik workers, soldiers and sailors of Russia’s industrial capital was immediately ratified by the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets that had been convened precisely in Petrograd for October 25-27, 1917. Paradoxically, it was a rather peaceful armed insurrection, with practically no casualties, the subsequent civil war would be another matter. Having lost the support of the Army and Navy in the hands of the soldiers and sailors organized in revolutionary soviets, the Kérenski Government fell like a ripe fruit. In the October Revolution in Petrograd workers of the Red Guard, soldiers of the Petrograd garrison and sailors from Kronstadt and Finland participated in the October Revolution in Petrograd in thousands, not great masses.