What are the powers of the president in the Constitution?

What are the powers of the president in the Constitution?

Form of government of spain 2020

The President of the Chamber of Deputies, other than those listed in Article 93, shall be brought before the respective Chamber, which, by a two-thirds vote of the total number of its members, shall decide whether there is cause for the formation of a case, and, if so, shall declare him suspended from his functions and he shall be placed at the disposal of the competent Court.

However, for reasons of good service, the Supreme Court of Justice may transfer them at any time, either of office or of place, or both, provided that such transfer is decided after hearing the Court Attorney and subject to the following requirements:

challenged on the same grounds of nullity provided for in Article 309, by means of an appeal for annulment to the Executive Branch, which must be filed jointly and in subsidiary form to the appeal for revocation.

What are the responsibilities of the President of a country?

To conduct foreign policy and enter into international treaties, as well as to terminate, denounce, suspend, modify, amend, withdraw reservations and formulate interpretative declarations on them, submitting them to the Senate for approval.

What majority is required to be appointed President of the Government?

Article 11 of Law 50/1997, of November 27, 1997, of the Government establishes that to be President of the Government, a person must be Spanish, of legal age, enjoy the rights of active and passive suffrage, and not be disqualified from holding public office or employment by a final judicial decision.

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Who chooses and how does the Executive Branch?

Executive branch. The Government directs domestic and foreign policy, civil and military administration and the defense of the State. … The President of the Government is elected by the Congress of Deputies and the Vice-Presidents and Ministers are elected by the President of the Government.

Form of government of spain 2021

The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court in the country. It is a collegiate body composed of 21 ministers. Its jurisdiction covers the entire national territory. It is responsible for the directive, correctional and economic superintendence of all the nation’s courts, except for the Constitutional Court, the Election Qualifying Court, the Regional Electoral Courts and the Military Courts.

Hierarchically, below the Supreme Court are the Courts of Appeals, which are distributed throughout the national territory. Depending on the respective Court of Appeals, the courts are located. There are civil, juvenile, family and labor courts. In criminal matters, there are the Oral Criminal Courts and the Guarantee Courts.

Who makes up the Legislative Branch in Spain?

According to it, the Cortes Generales exercise legislative power, the Government exercises executive power and the judges and courts exercise judicial power.

Who nominates the president of the Congress?

The President of the Congress of Deputies is elected during the constitutive session following the holding of the general elections, or during the first plenary session following the resignation of the incumbent. An absolute majority of deputies is required to elect the President of the Congress in the first vote.

How is the president of the Congress chosen?

The election of the new President of the Congress is by secret ballot and one, two or more lists of candidates may be presented to fill the positions of the Presiding Officers (Article 12 of the Regulations), according to the internal agreement of the political parties or groupings.

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Executive Branch

The President of the United Mexican States is the head of Mexico’s executive branch. He is both head of state and head of government of the country.[2][3] He is also the supreme commander of the Armed Forces.[4][5] Historically, his protection was provided by the Presidential General Staff, which was the first presidential office in Mexico.

Historically, his protection was provided by the Presidential General Staff, which was the technical military body that assisted the president in obtaining general information, planned the personal activities of the office, made the necessary precautions for his security and participated in the execution of the activities required for this purpose. However, such structure was dissolved as of December 1, 2018. The President’s protection was left in the hands of a group of professionals with training in personal security and without weapons, known as “Ayudantía” and integrated by twenty people; at the same time, experienced elements of the also disappeared “Cuerpo de Guardias Presidenciales”, attached to the Mexican Army, watch over areas and work zones of the President.[11][12][13][14][15][15][16][16][17][18][18][19][19][19][19][20][20][21][21][21

Who elects the President of the Republic?

In Mexico, the electoral system defines that the President of the Republic is elected by the principle of relative majority; 300 deputies by relative majority, through the system of single-member electoral districts, and 200 deputies who will be elected according to the principle of proportional representation, through the system of …

What is the role of the Executive Branch?

The Executive Branch is empowered to issue regulations or decrees of a delegated nature – in those matters of administration or public emergency expressly delegated to it by Congress (Article 76 CN) or by necessity and urgency – when exceptional circumstances make it impossible to follow the procedures …

How does the Executive Branch represent itself?

The executive branch is represented by the Head of State and/or the Head of Government. This will depend on the political structure of each country as enshrined in its constitution.

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Legislative power

The separation of powers or division of powers is a political principle in some forms of government, in which the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government are exercised by distinct, autonomous and independent organs of government. This is the fundamental quality that characterizes representative democracy.[1][2][1][2

Montesquieu argued that “every man who has power is inclined to abuse it; he goes until he finds limits. In order that it may not be abused, it is necessary that by the disposition of things, power restrains power.”[3] Thus, the surveillance of the three powers is entrusted among themselves as each one watches over, controls and restrains the excesses of the others to prevent, by its own ambition, any one of them from dominating over the others. It can be contrasted with the fusion of powers and separation of functions in parliamentary systems, where the executive and legislative powers are unified, because the legislature appoints the executive.