How do you dispose of infectious animal waste?

How do you dispose of infectious animal waste?

Sanitary waste examples

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These wastes in some cases bring with them biological risks for the health. Aware of the prevention of occupational hazards in all its activities, the company carries out measures of prevention, protection and containment of these risks to avoid possible diseases that its workers may contract due to exposure to biological agents. Among them is the management of sanitary waste, which may contain pathogenic agents.

How is sanitary waste disposed of?

Hospitals are responsible for segregating this waste, and there are two ways to dispose of it. One is to hire an authorized company that, through cleaning units, removes the solid urban waste and takes it to final deposits, where a trash compactor is located, and from there to the landfill.

How is Group II waste disposed of?

Treatment and disposal

Outside the centers, Group II waste will be treated and disposed of as waste assimilable to municipal waste. Group III waste may be disposed of by incineration, in furnaces prepared for this purpose and built with defined technical characteristics.

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What wastes are included as hazardous wastes?

Specific hazardous health care wastes can be classified into: Sanitary or infectious waste, anatomical waste, blood and blood products in liquid form, needles and sharp and cutting material, and live and attenuated vaccines.

Waste scheme

Healthcare waste is classified into the groups listed in Decree 21/2015, of March 3, on healthcare waste management in the Autonomous Community of Euskadi, as follows:

They are the waste consisting of single-use materials, clothes, gloves and masks, treatment material stained with blood, secretions or excretions, containers that contain or have contained urine, empty drainage containers, empty bags of blood or other biological liquids, dialysis filters, plasters, and in general any other stained waste or that has absorbed biological liquids, provided that it is not waste included in groups II and III.

These are wastes that either because of their risk of causing infection, or because they present a perceived or psycho-emotional risk, require differentiated management at all stages of management.

How is anatomopathological waste disposed of?

Anatomopathological waste has a special treatment: it arrives at the plant and is frozen in a specialized room and then taken to an incineration plant located in Mosquera, Cundinamarca.

What about sanitary waste?

Hospital waste can cause contamination and disease if not handled properly. Infectious waste, especially sharps, presents a risk to those who may come into contact with it.

Who manages sanitary waste?

Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment.

Infectious waste

Identify the waste produced in the laboratory activity and request the most appropriate container for each type depending on the state (liquid, solid or gel), the speed of its generation and the space available in the laboratory.

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Laboratory waste is classified into different categories according to its nature, hazardousness and final destination. Please classify each waste you generate into one of the groups in the following table (Consult SEPA for any doubt or clarification about the classification of waste). Download the corresponding label, filling in the blanks (substance/s contained in the container, applicant’s data). They are in fillable pdf format. For your convenience, the “applicant’s data” fields are autocopied on all labels once they have been written on any of them. Attach them to the container before you start filling it, that way everyone in your group will know what is being deposited in it.

VERY IMPORTANT: the labels include a hazard pictogram that must be printed in color, in accordance with the REACH Regulation (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals), and preferably on four-label self-adhesive paper (If you do not have a color printer, print in black and white and color the border of the hazard pictogram with a red marker pen).

How is sanitary waste classified?

Group I or Urban assimilable waste. Group II or non-specific health care waste. Group III o Specific or biohazardous health care wastes. Group IV or Special Health Care Waste.

How is sanitary waste classified?

They are classified as: infectious, anatomical, blood and blood products, needles and sharps, vaccines and cytostatics.

Where is sanitary waste deposited?

The bags with special bio-sanitary or urban assimilable waste should be deposited on their own supports or in containers, never directly on the ground. Storage on the ground is prohibited.

Cytostatic waste

Cytostatic wastes are those generated as a consequence of the healthcare activity and, due to their nature or place of generation, are subject to additional intra-center management requirements. These wastes cannot be recycled or reused due to their characteristics. They include treatment materials, plasters, expendable textiles, clothing, plastic syringes (the plunger, not the needles), objects and single-use materials that do not present an infectious risk. The extra-center management of these wastes will be adjusted, in its basic characteristics, to those required for the management of urban waste, respecting in any case, the municipal regulations applicable to it. Therefore, they will be comparable to solid urban waste and the municipal regulations of the municipality where they are generated will be used for their disposal.

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Group V or Equipment out of use: It will include all machinery (electronic, computer…) and instrumental equipment. They will be stored in such safe conditions as to eliminate any possible danger to health and/or the environment and will be governed by the specific regulations applicable to them.